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Shooting events

The types for the Shooting Sport which are officially adopted from the International Shooting Sport Federation(hereinafter referred to as ISSF) are of the original Olympics such as rifle, pistol and clay, and also include running target. Each type is divided into distance, and posture. Olympics hold the individual only, and other international events such as the world championship, holds the team competition of 3 members also. Olympics have each main and final, and every match except the 25m Angle of Shooting for men sets the rank by adding each score of the main and final. Referees consist of a line jury which oversees the match management, a record jury which oversees the point earned and rank determination, a jury which is in charge of equipment inspection, a line controller which is responsible for the actual management of a match, etc.

Rifle

The game is defined to use 'Powder Rifles' including the Air Rifle and rifles. The events include '10m Air Rifle' '50m Rifle Prone' '50m Rifle 3 Positions' '300m Rifle Prone' '300m Rifle 3 Positions' '300m Standard Rifle' and so on. The Air Rifle with the length of 10 m should be less than 5.5 kg, the length of its barrel is limitted to 850mm, and no set trigger is allowed.

Male athletes are allowed to use a rifle less than 8.0 kg while female athletes can use a rifle less than 6.5 kg on 50m and 300m Rifle Prone events and 3 position event, and there is no restriction on the length of the barrel and the trigger. In terms of 300m standard rifle event, the athletes are allowed to use the rifle weighed less than 5.5 kg, and the length of the barrel should be 762mm, the pressure on the trigger is 1500 grams minimum and no set trigger is allowed.

Air rifle event requires a pellet with the diameter: 4.5mm, 50m events need 22 pellets with the diameters:5.6mm, and for 300m events requires the ammunition with the maximum bore: 8mm.

10m Air Rifle [Men·Women] : Bottommost Rifle Events

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds
    • Men : 15-minute preparation and sighting time, 75 minutes (Electronic Targets) / 60 shots*10.9 points = 654.0 points
    • Women : 15-minute preparation and sighting time, 50 minutes (Electronic Targets) / 40 shots*10.9 points =436.0 points
  • The Finals
    • The first to eighth places of the qualification rounds go into the finals (total eight to twenty shots/ 10.9 points*20 shots = 218.0 points)
1 shot to 8 shots 9 shots 10 shots 11 shots 12 shots 13 shots 14 shots 15 shots 16 shots 17 shots 18 shots 19 shots 20 shots
The 8th place The 7th place The 6th place The 5th place The 4th place The 3rd place The 1st to 2nd place

※ Atheles with the lowest points based on the shots above is subject to the elimination

  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Shooting garment, shooting shoes, shooting gloves, guns(air rifle), ammunition (4.5mm pellet),

    target card(10 ring 0.5mm in diameter)

Both men's event and women's event became official events since the 23rd Los Angeles Olympics in 1984

50m Rifle Prone [Men·Women]

  • Position : Prone
  • Qualification Rounds : 15-minute preparation and sighting time, 50 minutes (Electronic Targets) / 60 shots*10.9 points = 654.0 points /
    the condition are same for both women and men.
  • The Finals : The same condition as that of the 10m air rifle event (But, the position is to be prone)
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : clothing, accessories and footwear : Shooting garment, shooting shoes, shooting gloves, guns

    (Small Bore Rifle and Pistol), ammunition (5.56mm black powder), target card(10 ring 10.4mm in diameter)

Men's event became official since the 5th Helsinki Olympic in 1912 , whereas women's is still recognized as an official event

50m Rifle Three Positions [Men·Women]

  • Position : three positions [Kneeling, Prone, Standing]
  • Qualification Rounds
    • Men
    • - 40 shots for each kneeling, prone, standing position
    • - No time restriction on each position
    • - Regular time(Electronic Targets) : 15-minute preparation and sighting time for kneeling position Athletes must complete the course of MATCH firing shots within a single time block of 2hours and 45 minutes.(including preparation and sighting time for prone, standing position)
    • - total 120 shots (= 1200 points) in the order of kneeling, prone, standing positions
    • Women
    • - 20 shots for each kneeling, prone, standing position
    • - No time restriction on each position
    • - Regular time(Electronic Targets) : 15-minute preparation and sighting time for kneeling position Athletes must complete the course of MATCH firing shots within a single time block of 1hours and 45 minutes.(including preparation and sighting time for prone, standing position)
    • - total 60 shots (= 600 points) in the order of kneeling, prone, standing positions
    • The Finals : 15 shots for each Kneeling, prone and standing positions (10.9 points*45 shots = 490.5 points)
Kneeling Prone Standing
1 shot to 15 shots 16 shots to 30 shots 31 shots to 40 shots 41 shots 42 shots 43 shots 44 shots 45 shots
The 7th and 8th places The 6th place The 5th place The 4th place The 3rd place The 1st to 2nd places

※ Atheles with the lowest points based on the shots above is subject to the elimination

  • Competition Clothing and Equipment :The same equipment as that of the 50m Rifle Prone event

Men event became official since the 15th Helsinki Olympic in 1952, and women's was recognized as an official event since the 23rd Los Angeles Olympics in 1984

300m Standard Rifle [Men]

  • Position : three positions [Kneeling, Prone, Standing]
  • Qualification Rounds15-minute preparation and sighting time, 2 hours (Electronic Targets) / 60 shots * 10 points = 600 points
  • The Finals : Not recognized as an official event, also not on the list of the finals
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Shooting garment, shooting shoes, shooting gloves, guns(Small Bore Rifle and Pistol), ammunition

    (maximumm 8mm caliber), target card(10 ring 100mm in diameter)

300m Rifle Prone [Men, Women]

  • Position : Prone
  • Qualification Rounds15-minute preparation and sighting time, 1 hours (Electronic Targets) / 60 shots * 10 points = 600 points /

    the condition are same for both women and men

  • The Finals : Not recognized as an official event, also not on the list of the finals
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Shooting garment, shooting shoes, shooting gloves, guns(Small Bore Rifle and Pistol), ammunition

    (maximumm 8mm caliber), target card(10 ring 100mm in diameter)

300m Rifle 3 Positions [Men, Women]

  • Position : three positions [Kneeling, Prone, Standing]
  • Qualification Rounds
    • Men
    • - 40 shots for each kneeling, prone, standing position
    • - No time restriction on each position
    • - Regular time(Electronic Targets) : 15-minute preparation and sighting time for kneeling position Athletes must complete the course of MATCH firing
       shots within a single time block of 2hours and 45 minutes.(including preparation and sighting time for prone, standing position)
    • - total 120 shots(=1200points) in the order of kneeling, prone, statnding positions
    • Women
    • - 20 shots for each kneeling, prone, standing position
    • - No time restriction on each position
    • - Regular time(Electronic Targets) : 15-minute preparation and sighting time for kneeling position Athletes must complete the course of MATCH firing
       shots within a single time block of 2hours.(including preparation and sighting time for prone, standing position)
    • - total 60 shots(=600points) in the order of kneeling, prone, statnding positions
  • The Finals : Not recognized as an official event, also not on the list of the finals
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment :Shooting garment, shooting shoes, shooting gloves, guns(Small Bore Rifle and Pistol), ammunition

    (maximumm 8mm caliber), target card(10 ring 100mm in diameter)

Pistol

The event is that the athlete stands at a fixed range to aim at the target with a short-barrel black powder pistol which can be shortened to Air Rifle and Pistol. Air Rifle Events include 10m Event, and Pistol Events are composed of 25m, Standard, Center Fire. The standard weight of the air rifle is less than 1500 grams, the trigger pull is minimum 500 grams; the measuringbox should be 420×200×50 mm, and the length of the barrel, the radius of the sighting line should be in the range of the measuringbox. There is no restriction on 50 m pistol in terms of its weight, its trigger pull, its measuringbox and the length of its barrel.

25m event requires that the weight of the standard pistol and center fire pistol should be less than 1400 grams, and the trigger pull is minimum 1000 grams, the measuringbox is 300×150×50 mm, the length of its barrel is maximum 153 mm, and the radius of the sighting line is 220 mm. Air rifle event requires a pellet with the diameter: 4.5mm, and other events 22 pellets with the diameters:5.6mm.

10m Air Pistol [Men·Women]: Bottommost Pistol Events

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds
    • Men : 15-minute preparation and sighting time, 75 minutes (Electronic Targets) / 60 shots*10 points = 600 points
    • Women : 15-minute preparation and sighting time, 50 minutes (Electronic Targets) / 40 shots*10 points = 400 points
  • The Finals : The first to eighth places of the qualification rounds go into the finals
  • Total 8 to 20 shots (standing position/ 10.9 points* 20 shots = 218.0 points)
1 shot to 8 shots 9 shots 10 shots 11 shots 12 shots 13 shots 14 shots 15 shots 16 shots 17 shots 18 shots 19 shots 20 shots
The 8th place The 7th place The 6th place The 5th place The 4th place The 3rd place The 1st to 2nd places

※ Atheles with the lowest points based on the shots above is subject to the elimination

  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Shooting garment, shooting shoes, shooting gloves, guns(air pistol), ammunition (4.5mm bore, pellet made of

    lead), target card(10 ring 11.5mm in diameter) Both men's event and women's event are official events since the Seoul Olympic in 1988

50m Pistol [Men]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds :15-minute preparation and sighting time, 1 hour and 30 minutes / 60 shots*10 points = 60 points
  • The Finals : The same rules and position as 10 m air rifle event
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Guns(Free Pistol), Ammunition (5.56mm bore, black powder), target card(10 ring 50mm in diameter)

Official event since the 2nd Paris Olympics in 1900

25m Rapid Fire Pistol [Men]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds :
    • Five shots for four times per each 8 seconds, 6 seconds and 4 seconds - 60 shots = 600 points
    • When shooting one time, the athlete shoots a series of five shots at different targets within the appointed time
  • The Finals : The first to sixth places of the qualification rounds go into the finals/ 1 points with a hit more than 9.7 points/

    5 points(4 second)* 8 series = 40 points

1 to 4 series 5 series 6 series 7 series 8 series
The 6th place The 5th place The 4th place The 3rd place The 1st and 2nd places
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Guns(Rapid Fire Pistol), ammunition (5.56mm bore, black powder),

    target card(10 ring 100mm in diameter)

Official event since the 1st Athens Olympics in 1896

25m Center-Fire Pistol [Men]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds :
    • Slow runs 300 points - 5 shots (5 minutes )*6 times =30 shots **5 shots at a target**
    • Fast runs 300 points - 1 shots (3 seconds)*5 times=5 shots *6 times=30 shots **wainting time: 7 seconds before each shot**
  • The Finals : Not recognized as an official event, also not on the list of the finals.
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment :
    • Guns(Center Fire Pistol), ammunition (30 to 38 bores can be used, but 32 bore is often used)
    • target card – slow run(10 ring 50mm in diameter), fast run(10 ring 100mm in diameter)

25m Standard Pistol [Men]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds :
    • Three times(150 seconds, 20 seconds, 10 seconds)* 5 shots* four times each(20 shots) = 60 shots (600 points)
    • When shooting one time, the athlete shoots a series of five shots at different targets within the appointed time
  • The Finals : Not recognized as an official event, also not on the list of the finals.
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment :
    • Guns(Center Fire Pistol), ammunition (5.56mm bore, black powder), target card(10 ring 50mm in diameter)

25m Pistol [Women]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds :
    • Slow runs 300 points - 5 shots (5 minutes )*6 times =30 shots **5 shots at a target**
    • Fast runs 300 points - 1 shots (3 seconds)*5 times=5 shots *6 times=30 shots **wainting time: 7 seconds before each shot**
  • The Finals :
    •  The first to eighth places of the qualification rounds go into the finals / A hit more than 10.3 points / The semifinal and medal matches
  •  The semifinal match :
    • - 5 points(fast run)* 5 series= 25 points (One point for each hit)
    • - the 1st and 2nd places of the semifinal match go to the gold (silver) medal matches, the 3rd and 4th places go to the bronze medal match
  •  The medal matches : The athlete, who has the higher score than the other athlete, obtains two points after comparing the hits of each series,
     if there is a tie between pair, both athletes obtain 1 rigns
The semifinal match
25shots(5shots*5series)
The final for the1st and 2ndplaces/ The final for the 3rd and 4th places
The 5th to 8th places - An athlete who gains7 points win the match
- Athletes who have the highest score on each series earn more 2points
- If there is a tie between pair, both athletes obtain 1 point
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Guns(Sport Pistol), ammunition (5.56mm bore, black powder), target card(the same standard as that of the

    center fire pistol)

The event became official events since the 23rd Los Angeles Olympics in 1984

Shotgun

The event is that the athlete uses a shotgun to hit the target (110mm in diameter, 25 ro 26mm in height and 105 grams in weight) in a standing position. The event name 'clay pigeon' is derived from the target, the artificial pigeon made of clay; there are Trap, Skeet, Double Trap Events.

All types of smoothbore shotguns, including semi-automatics, but excluding pump action shotguns, may be used, provided their caliber does not exceed 12 gauge. Guns with any type of “release” trigger actions and optical sights are prohibited. Pellets must not exceed 2.6 mm in diameter; shot charge must not exceed 24.5 g; the length of the cartridge must be less than 70 mm; and pellets may be plated.

Trap [Men·Women]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds : Men 125 targets (125 points). Women 75 targets (75 points)
    • Each shooting station(1st→5th shooting station) shooting after moving to the next station(One shot for each lane of fire)
    • Targets appear four times in diagonal lines from the right and left directions and a time at the front, at five rounds in both ways( each 25 shots)
  • The Finals
    • The first to sixth places of the qualification rounds go into the finals / The semifinal and medal matches
    • The semifinal match : Shooting 15 targets (15 points), the first and second places of the semifinal match go into the gold (silver) medal match, the third and fourth go to the bronze medal match
    • The medal matches : Shooting 15 targets (15 points)
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Shooting garment, Guns (shotgun), ammunition (12-gram pellet made of lead), target (made of clay, 110mm in diameter 25 ro 26mm in height, weight 105g)

Men's event was recognized as an official event since the 2nd Paris Olympics in 1900, women's was at the 27th Sydney Olympics in 2000

Double trap [Men·Women]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds : Men 150 targets (150 points). Women 120 targets (120 points)
    • Each shooting station(1st→5th shooting station) shooting after moving to the next station(two shots for each lane of fire)
    • two targets appear from the center / three rounds(50 shots for each) in both ways
  • The Finals
    • The first to sixth places of the qualification rounds go into the finals / The semifinal and medal matches
    • The semifinal match : Shooting 30 targets (30 points), the first and second places of the semifinal match go into the gold (silver) medal match, the third and fourth go to the bronze medal match
    • The medal matches : Shooting 30 targets (30 points)
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment :Same as that of the trap event.

Men's event became an official event since the 26th Atlanta Olympic in 1996, women's still remains an unofficial event

Skeet [Men·Women]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds : Men 125 targets (125 points). Women 75 targets (75 points)
    • Shooting the fixed number of the targets (one or two) from houses (high and low houes) after moving the the next station (total eight stations)
  • The Finals
    • The first to sixth places of the qualification rounds go into the finals / The semifinal and medal matches
    • The semifinal match : Shooting 16 targets (16 points), the first and second places of the semifinal match go into the gold (silver) medal match, the third and fourth go to the bronze medal match
    • The medal matches : Shooting 16 targets (16 points)
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment :Same as that of the trap event.

Men's event became official since the 19th Mexico City Olympics in 1968, women's was since the Sydney Olympics in 2000

※ Shotgun Finals

※ Shotgun Finals
The semifinal match The final for the1st and 2ndplaces/ The final for the 3rd and 4th places
The 5th to 6th places (from the highest to the lowest)
Trap - 15 shots
Skeet - 16 shots
Double Trap - 30 shots
from the highest to the lowest
Trap-15shots
Skeet-16shots
Double Trap - 30 shots

Running target

The event is that the athlete shoots the running target in a standing position with an air rifle. Depending on the way of the move of the targets, the events are defined as either 'regular runs' or 'mixedruns'; Based on the shooting distance, an event is defined as 10m event or 50m event; there are 10m running-target regular runs, 10m running-target mixed, 50m running-target regular runs, 50m running-target mixed.

10m running target Men had been an official event from the 25th Barcelona Olympics in 1992 until the 28th Athens Olympics in 2004; 50m running target Men had been an official event from the 20th Munich Olympics in 1972 until the 24th Seoul Olympics.

In the match, the area where shooting the target is allowed is called 'Opening', and 'run' represents 'the action' that a target moves across the area (opening). In the regular runs, the athlete shoot a slow-run target and a fast-run target in sequence.

10m Running-Target [MenㆍWomen]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds : The targets move 2m away from side to side**
    • Men total 60 shots(=600 points)- slow run 30 shots (5 seconds *1 shot *30 times) / fast run 30 shots (2.5 seconds *1 shot *30 times)
    • Women total 40 shots (=400 points)-slow run 20 shots (5 seconds *1 shot*20 times) / fast run 20 shots(2.5 seconds*1shot*20 times)
  • The Finals : The medal match is optional
    • The qualification rounds : The first to 4th places go to the next round/the athlete with the high score for each shot earns 1 point/the semifinal and medal match
    • The athlete who receives six points or more with a difference of two points is the winner of the match (The semifinal match, The medal match)
    • The first and fourth/the second and third compete each other in the semifinal match
    • The 1st and 2nd places of the semifinal match go to the gold (silver) medal matches, the 3rd and 4th places go to the bronze medal match
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Guns(running target rifle with scope), ammunition(4.5mm pellet), target area (the diameter of the aiming mark is 15.5mm, 10 ring 5.5mm in diameter)

10m Running-Target Mixed(MenㆍWomen)

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds
    • The targets move 2m away from side to side / The targets appear irregularly
    • Total 40 shots (=400 points)-slow run 20 shots (5 seconds *1 shot*20 times) / fast run 20 shots(2.5 seconds*1shot*20 times)
  • The Finals : Not recognized as an official event, also not on the list of the finals.
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Same as that of the running target regular runs

50m Running Target [Men]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds :The same condition as that of the 10m Running Target[Men]
  • The Finals : Not recognized as an official event, also not on the list of the finals.
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : Guns(running target rifle with scope), ammunition(5.6mm caliber), Target card(10 ring 60mm in diameter)

50m Running Target Mixed[Men]

  • Position : Standing
  • Qualification Rounds :The same condition as that of the 10m Running Target Mixed[Men]
  • The Finals : Not recognized as an official event, also not on the list of the finals.
  • Competition Clothing and Equipment : The same condition as that of the 50m Running Target.

Rules for Shooting Sport

Before beginning a match, every player must submit his/her rifle, equipment and questionable clothing to the inspection and get them officially authorized. To prevent an artificial enhancement on one’s ability using a special type of gear, all kinds of unique tools, attachments and clothing are prohibited.

All sorts of coaching activities are prohibited when the player is on the line. Every player is able to load the bullets into the gun standing on the line only when the command or signal is given such as “Load(load the cartridge)”, or “Start(Start shooting)”, and the loading process is prohibited in any other circumstance. The player who fired a gun before the command of “Load” or “Start”, or after “Stop(stop shooting)” or “Unload(remove the bullet)” is able to be disqualified(DSQ) if the case is related to safety. Also, after the “Stop” command, actions except removing the bullet, which include handling the gun or magazine without the permission of line agents could lead to the disqualification.

The formal warning will be given after violating the rules regarding rifle, clothing, posture, coaching, etc. publicly, and 2 points will be deducted when it is not corrected in a given time by the jury. If the correction fails to occur, the player is disqualified. The player who violates the related rules intentionally in secret is also disqualified. The player who disturbs other players when shooting and not showing the right attitude as an athlete gets 2 point deducted, and could be disqualified if this continues. In other cases, the player is able to be disqualified when he/she treats the gun unsafely or violates the safety rules, or violates the rules by modifying or remodeling the gun or equipment after the inspection.

Cross-firing, in case of one player fires to the target next to his/hers, does not lead to penalty points when it is a practice target for adjusting the aim, but lead to the 2 point deduction from the first series score of the player when it is an actual target. The highest point is given when the cross-fired bullet is not able to be determined, and that point is invalidated when the firing of other players is not able to be checked.

When the least part of bullet mark is drawn to the borderline, which is the boundary line between the score boards, the higher point is taken from the board. When the bullet is over-fired, which is that one player fires more than the designated number of shooting, all the over-fired bullets are invalidated. The highest point will be invalidated when the over-fired bullet is not able to be determined, and the deduction by the over-fired bullets is 2 points each from the least score of the first series.

When the defect in guns or bullets occurs during the match, the player can repair it under the permission of a jury or continue shooting with other rifles. Permission of defects are when the bullet is not fired or stuck in a barrel, the bullet is not fired after triggering, or the cartridge is not ejected, and maximum 15 minutes are permitted for repairing or changing the gun.

When a tie occurs in the individual, the rank is determined by these steps: the player who has more inner-ten scores than the other, the player who gets the highest score by counting backward by series(10 shots) from the last series, and the player who has more higher scores such as 10, 9, 8 relatively than the other. When there is a tie for two players participating into the final in the Olympics, the rank is determined by the single-fire competition which is that each player fires one shot and compares the score with the other. Tie in a team competition follows the procedure of individual by collecting all the scores participated into the match and determine the rank, and does not lead to the single-fire competition.